Stolzenberg: Egyptian Oedipus : Athanasius Kircher and the Secrets of Antiquity. pb

  • Egyptian Oedipus : Athanasius Kircher and the Secrets of Antiquity.
  • Stolzenberg, Daniel. Paperback, 320 pages, 42 halftones. 229 x 152 mm. 2015
  • Athanasius Kircher, S. J. (1601/2-80), was one of Europe's most inventive and versatile scholars in the baroque era. But Kircher is most famous - or infamous - for his quixotic attempt to decipher the Egyptian hieroglyphs and reconstruct the ancient traditions they encoded. Here Daniel Stolzenberg presents a new interpretation of Kircher's hieroglyphic studies, placing them in the context of seventeenth-century scholarship on paganism and Oriental languages. The spectacular flaws of his scholarship have fostered an image of Kircher as an eccentric anachronism, a throwback to the Renaissance hermetic tradition. Stolzenberg argues against this view, showing how Kircher embodied essential tensions of a pivotal phase in European intellectual history, when pre-Enlightenment scholars pioneered modern empirical methods of studying the past while still working within traditional frameworks, such as biblical history and beliefs about magic and esoteric wisdom.
Der Band behandelt die Pyramiden und die dazugehörigen Kultanlagen königlicher Gemahlinnen des Alten und Mittleren Reiches und gliedert sich in 3 Kapitel.
Im ersten Abschnitt wird der Frage nachgegangen, wer von den zahlreichen Gemahlinnen eines Königs berechtigt war in einer Pyramide bestattet zu werden, da auch andere Grabformen (Felsgräber, Mastabas) für Königinnen nachgewiesen sind.
Das Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit der Architektur und Bauweise der Pyramiden sowie mit der Entwicklung der unterirdischen Grabräume als Bestattungsplatz.
Der letzte Teil untersucht die Kultanlagen der Königinnenpyramiden und deren Gestaltung von den ältesten erhaltenen Beispielen (unter Cheops) bis zum Ende des Mittleren Reiches.

The book presents the results of an investigation into pyramids and mortuary complexes of the queens from the beginning of the 4th Dynasty to the end of the Middle Kingdom. The research is divided into three chapters dealing with the identification of the pyramid owners, the architecture of the pyramids and the development of the mortuary complexes.
The first part tries to answer the question of who of the many wives of a king was entitled to be buried in a pyramid. Since it is a fact that royal women were also buried in mastabas, rock-cut tombs or even within the king’s pyramid, there must have been some kind of differentiation between the many women who held the title of queen.
The second chapter deals with the architectural features of the pyramids. The different pyramid cores, the method of casing and the variation of the pyramid angles. as well as the development of the substructures are thoroughly discussed and illustrated with line drawings.
The last part investigates the structure and development of mortuary complexes belonging to the queens’ pyramids from the earliest surviving examples (from the reign of Cheops) to the end of the Middle Kingdom.